UN Convention on the Status of Refugees

The UN Convention on the Status of Refugees defines the term “refugee”, as well as the rights of a refugee, and the legal obligations of states. A refugee is defined as “a person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country (…)”. Canada signs the convention in 1969.

Black-and-white photograph of a group of about 25 people gathered together behind a large table in a conference room. Four men sit at the table, and one man is signing a document. The other people stand behind.
On July 28 1951, the first 12 nations signed the Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees in Geneva (Switzerland). (UN Photo/ES)

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